Barbed Wire, Antipersonnel: Concertina wire consisting of strips of metal with razor-like blades. This is in common use by NATO forces.  It is often called “razor wire” by troops. They are often interlaced with tripwires, flares, grenades and other explosives, and cans with a small amount of metal bits or rocks in them.  You can also use it to tie someone up, if you want to inflict more pain.

     Barbed Wire, Concertina: Spring-like coil of barbed wire, with interlaced strands of normal barbed wire, also known as a "combat slinky."  The enhancements that GIs add to the Antipersonnel Wire also apply to this wire (and any other barbed wire used by soldiers).

     Barbed Wire, Concertina/Antipersonnel: Essentially a combination of the two wire barbed types above, this version of “razor wire” usually also has a horizontal razor wire strand going in and out through each coil.  Just a note: I found out the hard way that barbed wire is virtually invisible at night, when I walked into a triple-concertina perimeter that I didn’t know had been put up.  A friend of mine had a constant disconnect between razor wire and his brain; he was constantly falling into it, and we gave him the nickname “The Ripstop Kid.” Normal issue is 50 meters and no poles, usually carried on the front of APCs/IFVs and command post vehicles.

     Barbed Wire (Straight): Normal lines of heavy wire with knots of barbs.  Though used in warfare, they are much more likely to be used on cattle farmers’ fields.  Farmers normally put up strong wooden posts to attach their wire, metal poles as on the chart are normally only found on military installations, and used where cattle roam and troop training take place on the same fields.

     Camouflage Netting: Modern camouflage netting is typically infrared- and radar-scattering, and impose a one level penalty on such detection attempts. Eastern-Bloc nets are normally square; NATO nets are a modular set of hexagons and diamonds. They typically are held up by a variable length of modular poles tipped by “spreaders” – five blades with wide disks on the end to, as might be thought, spread the net and raise them above the place to be hidden at the same time.  Poles are composed of three sections; spreaders fold open into their five sections. Camouflage nets have a different pattern on each side (normally summer/spring and fall; other patters include winter/snow, sand/scrub, jungle, and others are certainly available). Weight and price is for an arbitrary 10x10m hexagon and two diamonds, and includes the poles and spreaders for erection.  Clips are at the edges to assemble large nets. These are normally used to hide vehicles, command posts, and other high-value installations; however, many soldiers, particularly infantrymen, use them as ad hoc helmet cover breakups and ghillies, or to break up the outline of weapons.

     Sandbag: These are generally slightly rectangular or square bags of burlap or plastic; analogues may be made out of whatever bag material is available.  (The sandbag presented here is for a manufactured bag, which is generally stronger than ad hoc bags.)  A sandbag has the sole function of soaking up bullets, shrapnel, and blast damage, and are usually deployed in walls composed of several layers of sandbags.  It you have time, these sandbag fortifications can become quite elaborate.







Barbed Wire, Antipersonnel

(Wire) 1 meter linear section;  (Pole) 1.2 meters, Set of 2

(Wire) 2 kg; (Poles) 3 kg

(Wire) $20; (Poles) $40

Barbed Wire, Concertina

(Wire) 1 meter linear section; (Pole) 1.2 meters, Set of 2

(Wire) 2 kg; (Poles) 3 kg

(Wire) $10; (Poles) $40

Barbed Wire, Antipersonnel/Concertina

(Wire) 1 meter linear section; (Pole) 1.2 meters, Set of 2

(Wire) 4 kg; (Poles) 3 kg

(Wire) $30; (Poles) $40

Barbed Wire, Straight

(Wire) 1 meter linear section; (Pole) 1.2 meters, Set of 2

(Wire) 1 kg; (Poles) 3 kg

(Wire) $5; (Poles) $40

Camouflage Netting

(Netting) 10x10 meter section, hexagon and two diamonds;  (Pole) 3 sections; (Spreader) 1 Spreader

(Netting) 10 kg; (Poles) 3 kg; (Spreader) 2 kg

(Netting) $1500; (Poles) 6 kg; (Spreader) 1.5 kg


0.6x0.6 meter bag

0.2 kg empty, 10 kg full





     Bucket: Holds 10 liters; may be plastic, wood, or metal.

     Body Bag, Standard: An all-too-common necessity.  These usually have a 12-mil thickness (about four times that of a standard lawn/leaf bag you buy at the store) and hold in everything 200 microns or larger.  They are reasonably waterproof, but not totally. They come in a variety of colors and have 2 handles on all four sides.  They come with a plastic pocket for carrying body tags; two other tags are also provided. Note that body bags are excellent protection for a variety of things, but the stigma attached to them usually prevents such use.

     Body Bag, HAZMAT:  These were first designed to evacuate and store those who have died of serious infectious diseases.  They come in a kit of three layers, with the inner layer 200 micron/8 mil, the middle layer 200 micron/7.9 mil, and the outer layer 500 micron/20mil.  The bag comes with a small heat sealer to create an airtight and snug closing on the middle layer, and the middle layer is also impregnated with special metalized plastic.

     Underwater Carrier: A sealed container to transport weapons, ammunition and equipment underwater.  This cylindrical container is 1.5 meters long and about 0.4 meter in diameter. It opens like a clamshell for ease of access, and contains several straps and lashing rings to secure gear inside. When sealed, the container will protect its contents from water damage. By inflating or deflating several internal flotation/ballast bladders, its buoyancy can be adjusted to enable it to float, sink, or be neutral (preferable for hauling gear long distances underwater). Pulling a lever will inflate several emergency bladders, making the loaded container capable of supporting the weight of an average person as well. The carrier has sever rings as well as straps to pull the carrier underwater (or carry over land).

     The container can carry up to 50 kilograms of equipment, and when neutrally buoyant, has the same effect on a swimmer as light personal equipment. The weight given below is empty. The carrier weighs this plus the weight of any contents when out of the water..

     FLEXCEL Liquid Container: This is the large rubber fuel bladder so often seen slung underneath Chinook helicopters during Gulf War footage. These bladders can be parachuted without using a pallet or any sort of padding, can survive a fall of 100 meters without a parachute, or a fall of 12 meters from an aircraft moving at 170kmh  (ComMov 137). Fuel is pumped by putting a heavy weight on the bladder (normally, the vehicle receiving the fuel runs lands on or over the bladder), and the bladder can typically be emptied in 25 seconds. A FLEXCEL comes in two sizes, a large (2.6x0.36m) and a small (1x0.2m). Large FLEXCELS hold 250 liters; small ones hold 45 liters. Weight and cost include hoses and valves.  These bladders may also hold water or other liquids.

     Rubber Fuel Bladder, 50-liter: Collapsible fuel bladder. It may be drum or blivet-shaped. Fuel may be pumped by placing a heavy weight on the bladder (squashing it with a vehicle is the normal method), but it also comes with a hose and valve. These bladders can be safely airdropped from a height of 100 meters without a parachute.  May also hold water or other fuels and liquids.

     Rubber Fuel Bladders, NATO: This is a generic category of fuel bladders, used by many countries since they take up far less space than the usual assortment of jerry cans and 200-liter fuel drums found at other fuel dumps. These are normally shaped like a giant rubber pillow (unlike the drum-shaped FLEXCELS), and do not have the strength of a FLEXCEL; the bladder will need a pallet for a parachute drop, and can be free-dropped only 50 meters, or from aircraft moving at a maximum of 80kmh without preparation.

     Many sizes are generally available. All of these bladders will collapse to 15% of their normal size when empty. Weight and cost include hoses and valves, and fuel is pumped by squashing (requiring 3 phases per liter to empty).

     Rubber Fuel Bladder, Warsaw Pact/Eastern Bloc:  Similar to the NATO fuel bladders above, the size of these bladders is based on metrics instead of gallons (which is the reason for the odd sizes of NATO bladders – they are made in gallons, and I have converted them to liters).  They are often used to convert flatbed trucks to makeshift fuel tankers.








457 x 619mm

0.5 kg


Body Bag, Standard

2489 x 1219mm

0.3 kg


Body Bag, HAZMAT

Outer layer 2489 x 1219mm

0.7 kg


Underwater Carrier

1.22 m x 0.45m

6 kg



45 liters

10.3 kg



250 liters

56.7 kg


Rubber Fuel Bladder

50 liters

30 kg


NATO Rubber Fuel Bladder

210 liters

19 kg


NATO Rubber Fuel Bladder

380 liters

34 kg


NATO Rubber Fuel Bladder

945 liters

42 kg


NATO Rubber Fuel Bladder

1890 liters

48 kg


NATO Rubber Fuel Bladder

1950 liters

50 kg


NATO Rubber Fuel Bladder

2840 liters

52 kg


NATO Rubber Fuel Bladder

3785 liters

62 kg


NATO Rubber Fuel Bladder

5670 liters

68 kg


NATO Rubber Fuel Bladder

7570 liters

77 kg


NATO Rubber Fuel Bladder

9460 liters

83 kg


NATO Rubber Fuel Bladder

11355 liters

97 kg


NATO Rubber Fuel Bladder

15140 liters

102 kg


NATO Rubber Fuel Bladder

18295 liters

117 kg


NATO Rubber Fuel Bladder

28380 liters

151 kg


NATO Rubber Fuel Bladder

37850 liters

169 kg


NATO Rubber Fuel Bladder

56775 liters

197 kg


NATO Rubber Fuel Bladder

75710 liters

273 kg


NATO Rubber Fuel Bladder

189300 liters

564 kg


Eastern Bloc Rubber Fuel Bladder

4000 liters

125 kg


Eastern Bloc Rubber Fuel Bladder

6000 liters

135 kg


Eastern Bloc Rubber Fuel Bladder

25000 liters

290 kg


Eastern Bloc Rubber Fuel Bladder

50000 liters

680 kg


Eastern Bloc Rubber Fuel Bladder

150000 liters

1050 kg


Eastern Bloc Rubber Fuel Bladder

250000 liters

1450 kg




Tactical Lights


      Chemlight: Also known as glowsticks, these are small tubes filled with chemicals which produce light when combined.. Chemlights are available in red, green, yellow, orange, and blue. A chemlight glows at maximum intensity for 3 hours (visible at 100 meters, or at the maximum range of a night vision device) and half intensity for 9 hours. (Merely putting the chemlight in a pocket will stop the light.)

     Another variety of chemlight, the Brightstick, will produce very bright light for 30 minutes (visible at 250 meters, or twice maximum night-vision gear range).  Brightsticks come only in white or yellow.

     High-intensity chemlights are used by police and special operations, and are sometimes issued to pilots. A high-intensity chemlight produces 5 minutes of extremely bright light, the first minute of which is actively blinding.  They are available only in red.

     Infrared chemlights function as normal chemlights, but are visible only to individuals using night-vision gear. They glow for 6 hours.

     Chemlights are generally sold in boxes of 12.

     Lightdiscs are simply disc-shaped chemlights. They may be written upon and are most often used as markers. They glow for 4 hours, and are available only in green. A lightdisc is 100mm wide if circular, but they also come in a variety of other shapes. 

     Chemlight Case: A plastic tube used to hold a chemlight. Twisting the endcap turns a shutter which blocks as much of the chemlight's glow as desired.  A lightdisc will not fit in one of these. Weight: Negligible; Price: $3 (C/S)

     Krill Light: These are basically electronic versions of chemlights.  They are powered by AA batteries and have LED bulbs.  They come in red, green, orange, yellow, blue, and white, and come in the standard version, the Krill 180 (where the luminosity is variable), and the Extreme Krill (twice as bright as the standard Krill Light).  The Krill and Krill 180 last 120 hours on a single charge, while the Extreme Krill lasts 50 hours.  The standard Krill Light is slightly brighter than a chemlight.

     Lantern: Lights a 10-meter radius.  Fueled by propane or butane. Fuel consumption is 1 liter per four hours.

     Lantern, Coleman Quad LED: This electric lantern is powered by three AA-cell batteries per panel.  It consists of a charging base, a handle on top, and a base with the batteries.  On all four sides are panels with 6 LED lights; each one produces about 190 lumens.  They can be detached from the base and used apart from each other, either to spread out the light or use as a flashlight or work light.  Each panel has a useable light range of about 8 meters and lights in about a 45-degree arc. The panels can be adjusted for luminosity and arc of lighting. The AA-cells power the panels for about 75 hours each.  The base also may be equipped with four D-cell batteries, allowing the panels to be recharged (with appropriate batteries) up to eight times.

     Lantern, Electric: These lanterns run off batteries, ranging from the large rectangularlantern batteries” to multiple D or C cells. Somewhat brighter, these will illuminate a 15-meter radius, and variable in brightness. Weight and cost are with one set of batteries.

     Solight LightCap 300:  This is an interesting blend of water container and lantern.  The lid has a circular solar panels across the top of it, which charges power for four white and one red LED.  With the lid screwed on and switched on, and water in the container (two-thirds full will produce about the most amount of light), the LightCap 300 will give off about a quarter of the light of an electric lantern, enough to light the interior of an M113 or similar-sized APC, for example.  One can use the white LEDs for the most light or the red LED to save your night vision.  On a full charge, the light lasts eight hours; the lid does not need to be attached to the bottle to charge the battery.  A full charge takes about two hours to develop, under a sunny of lightly cloudy sky or under a decent lightbulb, or near the light of a lantern.








127mm long

0.25 kg



127mm long

0.25 kg


High-Intensity Chemlight

127mm long

0.25 kg


IR Chemlight

127mm long

0.25 kg



100mm wide

0.5 kg


Chemlight Case

132mm long



Krill Light

127mm long

0.1 kg


Krill 180

127mm long

0.1 kg


Extreme Krill

127mm long

0.1 kg



610mm tall

2 kg


Lantern, Coleman Quad LED

610mm tall

3 kg


Lantern, Electric

610mm tall

2.2 kg


Solight LightCap 300

215mm x 102mm

1 kg (full)




Tactical Smoke Generators


     Tactical Smoke Generator: This is a device to produce a massive volume of thick smoke that is opaque to certain optical frequencies. There are several types available, based on when they are made:

     Pre-1970s: The smoke blocks vision and image intensification.

     1970-1980: The smoke blocks vision, image intensification, and lasers.

     1981-1985: The smoke blocks vision, image intensification, infrared, and lasers.    

     1986-1993: The smoke blocks vision, image intensification, infrared, thermal imaging, and lasers.

     1994-2000: The smoke blocks vision, image intensification, infrared, millimetric imaging (such as the guidance of fire and forget missiles), and lasers.

     When vision is blocked, all tasks related to the vision or aiming (if lasers or millimetric waves are blocked) become three levels more difficult.

     A tactical smoke generator weighs 1.2 tons, and may be transported in any vehicle or trailer capable of supporting its weight.  The smoke generator produces a cloud equal to three smoke grenades in volume every phase, and typically runs for 90 minutes on a tank of fuel (about 650 liters, 7.2 liters per minute). It is basically a pulse jet engine that injects special oil into its exhaust to produce the smoke.  The fog oil also lasts for 90 minutes on a tank (about 450 liters, 5 liters per minute).  The jet engine runs on almost any type of military fuel except alcohol, including diesel, jet fuel, gasoline, AvGas, etc.

     Fog oil is not acceptable for use as motor oil or transmission fluid without refining. 

    Certain armored vehicles can lay a smokescreen by injecting diesel fuel into their exhaust.  Such smoke screens are equivalent to tactical smoke generators from the period 1970-1980, but are only the equivalent to two smoke grenades per phase of generation.  Such smoke screens cost the generating vehicle one liter of fuel per phase of laying.

     Conventional smoke grenades are also equivalent to 1970-1980 tactical smoke generators.  More advanced smoke grenades exist; these cost quadruple for 1981-1985 equivalent, and 8 times normal cost for 1986-1995 equivalent. 






Pre-1970s Smoke Generator

2 x 1.2m

1.2 tons


1970-1980 Smoke Generator

2 x 1.2m

1.2 tons


1981-1985 Smoke Generator

2 x 1.2m

1.2 tons


1986-1993 Smoke Generator

2 x 1.2m

1.2 tons


1994-2000 Smoke Generator

2 x 1.2m

1.2 tons


Pre-1970s Fog Oil

1 liter

1 kg


1970-1980 Fog Oil

1 liter

1 kg


1981-1985 Fog Oil

1 liter

1 kg


1986-1993 Fog Oil

1 liter

1 kg


1994-2000 Fog Oil

1 liter

1 kg





     Bullhorn: Also called a megaphone, this makes a human voice distinctly audible at 600 meters and indistinctly audible at 1000 meters. Powered from external batteries or by a vehicle.  May be operated using a microphone or by speaking directly in the rear end. Requires 15w to operate.

     Bungee Cord: 1 meter long (stretches to 2 meters).  Made of highly stretchable tightly interwoven high-strength rubber and bits of cloth. These are in common use by soldiers to attach gear and build shelters; very long, very high-spec ones are in use by bungee jumpers.  Normal ones have high-strength hooks on the ends, woven into the bungee cord material. Weight: (per 4) 0.17kg; Price: (per 4) $8 (C/C)

     Cigar: Average quality, per 10.  More quality cigars will cost more (up to 20 times or more the base price).  Cuban cigars in Europe will be very rare, while European cigars will cost much more in the US, etc. Weight: 0. 1lkg; Price: $50 (R/R)

     Cigarettes: Any brand, per carton of 240.  As with cigars, more quality will dictate a higher price (quality can be crap, too, fetching a lower price).

     Cigarette Lighter: Total 500 seconds of flame (approximately 250 lights). This is for a permanent, Zippo-type lighter. Most require butane or propane, but some can be fueled by motor fuels or alcohol.  They also require changes of flint periodically. (Tinkering might help.) Lighters can be found in the pockets of most soldiers, even those who don’t smoke, as they are a useful tool.

     Disposable lighters may also be available; these are cheap, and give about 250 seconds of lighting time.  They cannot be used to provide long-term lighting, as the bulk of the lighter is plastic, even the working parts, and the bracket for the thumbwheel will melt in about 20 seconds of lighting, making the lighter useless from those points.

     Compass, Lensatic: Reads in degrees or mils, and is luminous for night use.

     Cord: Such as "550 Cord'' parachute line.  Per 15 meters.  Weight: 0.1kg; Price: $3 (V/V)

     Field Washstand:  This is a small washstand for field use, able to be used by four people at once.  The faucets are pumped manually using a foot pump, and the stand has a paper towel holder and soap dispenser. The stand is fed by an 83-liter water tank and a 10-liter soap tank, and has another tank for capture of wastewater.

     Dictionary, Language: An extensive translation of one language to another, including idiomatic phrases. Unfortunately, it takes some time to use in a conversation.  (And sometimes, they’re just flat wrong.)

     Dictionary, "Pointee-Talkee": Small booklet consisting of basic phrases on one and the equivalent phrase in two other languages on the opposite page. The use points to the desired phrase and asks the other person to point to his reply (the instructions are the first set of phrases). Phrases are simple ("Where is food?"  "Does anyone speak English''  “Glad to meet you", etc.) and contain phrases in the following subjects: finding an interpreter, courtesy phrases, food and drink, comfort and lodging, communications, injury, hostile forces, and friendly forces.  There are approximately 5-20 phrases per subject (as necessary). These dictionaries are normally issued to aircrews.

     Drum, Storage: Normal steel or aluminum drum, though plastic is becoming available.  Normally used for shipping or storage, they can be used for smuggling if the interior is modified or set up right. (Cut in half and with a few modifications, you can also make a barbecue out of them.)

     Fishing Line: Includes a hook and a lead sinker.

     Fishing Net: This net is weighted with eight removable weights, and also has four removable plastic or glass bobbers.  They are normally round. They have many more uses than simply fishing.

     Fishing Pole: This is an average-quality rod-and-reel, with a weight and hook.  Special lures do not come with this pole, and it is not for fly fishing.

     Folding Stove: Pioneered by the British SAS, this is a stove with a bottom just large enough for storing a pack of eight fuel tabs and is designed to use them, It is more commonly called a tommy cooker or a blackie, and was first issued to British troops in the First World War. It is still in common use in most of the world’s armies. The stove opens into two blades that are used to hold the canteen cup, and therefore boils water and cooks rations and fresh food.

     Fuel Tabs: Generally made of Hexamine, these are generally issued in foil packages of eight that break apart.  They have been issued since the First World War for use with the tommy cooker. One will heat a canteen cup of water to boiling in 5 minutes.  They float, and are water resistant; they will even burn while floating down a stream. They can be extinguished by dousing it with water or covering with dirt or sand, which does not waste the tablet and it can be used again.

     Grapple: This is a multiple-pronged hook to be used at the end of a length of rope to assist in climbing walls, etc. It can be thrown as any other object, but counts as two kilograms instead as one (because of the rope also attached).  Some models are designed to fold, collapse, or otherwise dismantle for ease of transport.

     Handcuffs: Used to restraining appendages. There are two types—metal and plastic. Metal cuffs are reusable and open with a key, while the plastic cuffs are disposable and must be cut off. (They are typically called zip ties.) Zip ties have the virtue of being usable for a wide variety of things. Applying handcuffs counts as an action and takes five seconds.

     Jumar Ascender: This is a special climbing rig consisting of a pair of foot loops attached to clamps, which lock on a hanging rope when downward pressure is applied. The climber uses the Jumar Ascender to literally walk up the rope, almost as efficiently as climbing a ladder, at a speed of 2 1/2 meters per phase.  This may be doubled (AVG: Climbing or DIF: Agility) or tripled (DIF: Climbing or FOR: Agility). 

     Note that a field-expedient version can be made of shoestrings or certain types of cord; this is a DIF: Climbing task, and two rolls must be made (the first only once in the PCs career) – the player must roll once to see if his PC knows how to do it, and then to actually do it. Making a Jumar Ascender takes 5 minutes. Hooking up a ready-made Jumar Ascender takes only two minutes.  Base rate of climb with an ad hoc Jumar Ascender is only 2 meters.

     Lock, Average: Key or combination.  Key-opened locks usually come with two keys.

     Lock, Quality: Key or combination. Key-opened locks usually come with two keys. Will withstand most blows and gunshots (gunshots and very heavy blows will ruin the lock, but it will not open.)

     Maturing Theatre Latrine (MTL):  This is a very fancy name for a Porto-potty made to military specifications.  It is the normal sort of outdoor toilet common at open-air events and construction sites throughout the US and other countries, but in addition to the wastes being carted away or disposed of in sewers systems or other ways, the bowl for the wastes can be removed from the toilet, flammable liquid placed within, and the wastes burned.  Though popular at command posts of higher echelons, they were generally considered too big for elements of maneuver units and even if issued to them, they were generally discarded or traded to rear elements for more desirable items. 

     Modular Initial Deployment Latrine (MIDL):  Somewhat more robust then the personal commode, this is used to service units up to platoon size in the first stages of deployment or when the unit will not be long in one place.  It consists of a collapsible fiberglass or plastic commode with hangers for a plastic bag below the opening. Wastes are deposited into the bag, and then the bag is sealed and burned or buried.  A frame for supporting a privacy screen is provided with the MIDL.  Enough bags are provided with the kit for 25 soldiers for 30 days, assuming normal bowel functions during that time. Alternatively, it can be placed over a slit trench and wastes buried as you go as the MITL is moved over the trench.

     Paint: Any color, one liter.  Comes with two paintbrushes of average size.

     Rope: This is milspec 11mm rappelling line.  Generally a nylon or hemp rope.

     Skyhook (Ground Unit): A specialized ground/air pickup rig for extraction by aircraft when ground conditions do not permit a landing, which was originally designed for military and civilian air/sea rescue units. The ground unit consists of a personnel harness (very similar to a parachute harness), a coil of cable, and an inflatable helium balloon large enough to carry the cable several hundred feet into the air. The unit can be used for either personnel or cargo. Skyhook requires a specially modified multiengine aircraft, usually provided by patron (few merc groups can afford to maintain them).

     Skyhook aircraft will be detailed elsewhere and elsewhen due to space constraints.

     Using Skyhook: The passenger dons the harness, inflates the balloon (upon arrival of the pickup aircraft), and prepares himself for the shock of pickup. A specially modified cargo aircraft snares the balloon/cable with a specially fitted V-shaped "blimp-catcher" on its nose, and reels in the passenger until the passenger is close enough to a specially installed cargo door on the bottom of the aircraft. The aircrew snares the passenger/cargo, hauls him/it aboard the plane, and prepares for another pickup if necessary.

     The shock involved is no more severe than an opening parachute, provided that the pickup aircraft does not fly too fast.  The process is dangerous, but no more so than a parachute jump if done properly.

     The pickup plane must fly straight and level a few hundred feet off the ground. The whole operation needs suitable terrain (no nearby obstructions) and reasonable privacy.  The blimp can be equipped with IR/white light strobes (activated at the last moment) for a night pickup. The weather must be reasonably clear, with no excessive wind conditions.  Skyhook can also be used at sea. A skyhook ground unit may not be reused.

     Small Unit Shower (SUS): This is a hollow collapsible metal frame with rubberized fabric walls to provide four shower stalls.  The shower units are similar to those aboard naval vessels, with push button controls that spray only when the button is pushed.  Hot water is provided by a 75-liter water heater that can provide 16 showers to soldiers before the tank is exhausted.  The tank requires 50 minutes to fully heat the water, and is powered by diesel or aviation fuel (30 liters per period), an external generator (45kW), or vehicle power.  The unit packs into two canvas bags.  It may be set by two soldiers in 15 minutes.

     Solar Radio:  This is for all intents and purposes a civilian radio; it is able to receive FM and AM commercial radio broadcasts, as well as National Weather Service broadcasts or their equivalent (if available).  It operates with dials, and up to seven presets may be set and accessed with a separate dial.  Tuning is some with a dial, with the frequencies read on a linear scale. The Solar Radio may be powered by conventional batteries (usually three AA cells), but what gives the radio its name is the solar panel on the back that can charge a set of lithium-ion batteries inside.  It left in the sun turned off, it will run for as many hours as it was left to charge, up to a maximum of 16 hours.  (If left on, it will run off the solar power, but not charge up the Li battery.) An external battery pack can also be plugged into the radio to run it.  It can be plugged into electrical power, if available. Finally, if it is dark or the day too cloudy or otherwise dark, a hand crank may be unfolded on the side or rear (depending on the radio) to crank a dynamo; 90 seconds of hard turning will run the radio for 45 minutes.  Power source is selected by a switch. And just to top the whole thing off, there is a small flashlight in the handle.

     UV Water Purifier: Shaped like a pen-type thermometer, the UV Water Purifier is dropped into a canteen cup or other container and purifies the water.  Sunlight is a requirement of the use of this, the brighter, the better.  (Flashlights of suchlike cannot be used as a substitute.) It can only be used once, and cannot be used in boiling water. Purification takes 48 seconds, and it will filter harmful organisms, minerals, and chemicals.

     Vehicle Low-Altitude Extraction Kit (LAPES System): This consists of a drogue parachute and a shock-absorbing pallet strapped to the bottom of the vehicle. The aircraft must have a rear cargo ramp to utilize this kit. The aircraft flies at extremely low altitude (three to five meters) at minimum speed and deploys the drogue chute out the back. The drogue chute opens; the vehicle is yanked out of the aircraft; and the pallet absorbs most of the shock of landing.  Vehicles larger than 25 tons cannot be dropped in this fashion.

     Crew may not ride in the vehicle while this goes on. It requires 10 minutes to make a vehicle or equipment operational after landing.

     Spray Paint: Any color.  Try not to get high.

     Vehicle Parachute Kit: This consists several parachutes (depending on the weight of the vehicle to be dropped), a retrorocket assembly, and a shock-absorbing pallet strapped to the bottom of the vehicle. After the vehicle is dropped from the aircraft and the chute deployed, a contact sensor on a cord drops three meters below the vehicle and the retrorocket package deploys below the vehicle. When the sensor touches ground, the retrorocket package fires and slows the vehicle's descent even further.  Vehicles larger than 15 tons cannot be dropped in this fashion.

     Crew may not ride in the vehicle while this goes on. It requires 10 minutes to make vehicle operational after landing: disconnecting the chute and the pallet, freeing everything that had to be tied down for air transport, screwing down everything that was jarred loose during the landing, and—last but least—a quick inspection, which is not something to have to do in a hot DZ.  The Russians are well known for this version of deploying vehicles and equipment, and the vehicle’s driver and commander ride inside the vehicle during the drop.

     Water Desalination Unit:  This unit is capable of desalinating 300-700 liters per hour, depending on the raw salt content of the water.   No chemicals are needed for the operation of the unit (a permanent filter unit does the work), though a tank is provided to add chlorine, if desired.  The unit requires that an external 1.5 kW generator be hooked up during operation.  A disinfecting unit is also provided, but other pollutants such as fallout, sand, and mud cannot be removed by this device.  Water can be siphoned from containers, or directly from a natural water source.

     Water Purification Unit, Medium:  This is a machine carried in a backpack.  It eliminates organic, mineral, and bacterial pollutants by using a set of mechanical filters.  Filters last for 1,200 liters.  Water is purified at the rate of 200 liters per hour.  The unit runs from internal batteries and can purify up to 7 liters of water from internal tanks while being carried, or siphon water from containers or directly from a natural water source such as a pond, lake, or stream.  It is not capable of desalinating water.

     Water Purification Kit, Small: A small machine designed to draw water through a system of filters, purifying the water of most contaminants. Purifies 0.75 liters per minute, and runs on hand power.  It is not capable of desalinating water.  Filters last for 50 liters.








620mm long, (Battery Pack) 229mm square

3 kg


Bungee Cord

1 meter section, 10mm wide

0.04 kg



Per 10, approx 305 x 229 x 52mm

0.4 kg



Per carton of 240, 610 x 76 x 62mm

0.5 kg


Cigarette Lighter

52 x 38 x 7mm



Disposable Lighter

7 x 20 x 41mm



Compass, Lensatic

51 x 51mm

0.2 kg



15 meters long

0.1 kg


Field Washstand

1219 x 915 mm

27.22 kg (w/o water)


Dictionary, Language


0.5-2 kg


Dictionary, “Pointee-Talkee”


0.1 kg


Drum, Storage

200 liters

10 kg


Fishing Line

20 meters

0.2 kg


Fishing Net

1x1 meters

1.8 kg (double with full set of weights)


Fishing Pole

1 meter

4 kg


Folding Stove

115 x 64mm

1.1 kg (with package of 8 Hexamine)


Fuel Tabs

76 x 76mm

0.4 kg (Package of 8)




1 kg



75x75mm/0.5 meters long

0.2 kg/0.001 kg


Jumar Ascender

2x1 meter



Lock, Average


0.1 kg


Lock, Quality


0.1 kg



2m x 0.75m

50 kg



1m x 0.75m

8 kg



1 liter

1 kg



50m x 11mm

5 kg



1372mm x 914mm (in case)

36 kg


Solar Radio

18.4cm x 14cm x 5 cm

0.45 kg



2m x 4m

68 kg



Variable, Depending upon Cargo

1.5 tons


Spray Paint

800 ml

1 kg


UV Water Purifier


0.1 kg


Vehicle Parachute Kit

Variable, Depending upon Cargo

1 ton


Water Desalination Unit

2.27m x 0.33m

175 kg


Water Purification Unit, Medium

1m x 0.33m

(Unit) 18 kg; (Filter) 5 kg

(Unit) $1500; (Filter) $300

Water Purification Unit, Small

0.33m x 0.33m

1.5 kg